Click on a link for a full treatment of each species:

The Big Three–the most common in the Pacific Northwest:

Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii male conesDouglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii



Thuja plicata conesWestern Red Cedar, Thuja plicata



Tsuga heterophylla cones

Western Hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla





The Pine Family,  Pinaceae

  • False Hemlocks, Pseudotsuga sp.

Douglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii coneDouglas Fir, Pseudotsuga menziesii



  • Hemlocks, Tsuga sp 

Tsuga heterophylla needlesWestern Hemlock, Tsuga heterophylla



Tsuga mertensiana cluster Mountain Hemlock, Tsuga mertensiana



  • Spruces, Picea sp.

  Picea sitchensis branchesSitka Spruce, Picea sitchensis



Picea engelmannii tree Engelmann Spruce,  Picea engelmannii



  • Firs, Abies sp.

 grand fir branchletsGrand Fir, Abies grandis



male cones on Abies proceraNoble Fir, Abies procera



Abies amabilis branch  Pacific Silver Fir, Abies amabilis



Abies lasiocarpa bent trees

 Subalpine Fir, Abies lasiocarpa



  • Pines, Pinus sp.

Pinus monticola treeWestern White Pine, Pinus monticola



Shore Pine cone Shore Pine, Pinus contorta



Ponderosa Pine Barks Ponderosa Pine, Pinus ponderosa



  • Larches, Larix sp.

 Western Larch Fall ColorWestern Larch,  Larix occidentalis




The Cypress Family, Cupressaceae

  • Arborvitaes (Trees of Life), Thuja sp.

Western Red Cedar, Thuja plicataWestern Red Cedar, Thuja plicata



  • Cypresses, Callitropsis sp.

Alaska Yellow Cedar, Callitropsis Natural Alaska Cedarnootkatensis

  (syn. Chamaecyparis nootkatensis)



  • Junipers, Juniperus sp.

Juniperus scopulorum

Rocky Mountain Juniper, Juniperus scopulorum




 Common JuniperCommon Juniper, Juniperus communis




The Yew Family, Taxaceae

  • Yews, Taxus sp.

Pacific Yew Pacific Yew, Taxus brevifolia






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